Environmental Planning

Guidance for Federal-Aid Projects


Socioeconomics is a term that describes the combination of economic and social level of a specific population of people. It is based on income, education, demographics, and occupation. The economic and social position of an individual or family, in relation to others, is taken into account when describing socioeconomics.

In terms of a transportation project, the socioeconomic analysis evaluates the economic and social impacts of a proposed project on the local and regional population. The scope of analyses is very broad, encompassing many areas such as employment, transportation services, household income, business output, property values and disadvantaged populations. Specific questions to be answered may include the following:

  • What populations are likely to be affected?
  • Where will impacts occur?
  • How will businesses and tax rates be impacted?
NEPA and Documentation

Documentation prepared under NEPA guidelines requires socioeconomic impact analyses. Environmental justice evaluations are part of the larger socioeconomic analyses. Socioeconomic analysis is an examination of how a proposed project will impact the overall social and economic character of an area and the well-being of current and future residents of the affected community. NEPA documents should address the following socioeconomic parameters:

  • Community demographics
  • Results of service and housing market analyses
  • Demand for public services
  • Safety
  • Employment and income levels
  • Changes in the visual quality of the community

Data needed for analysis can be found on state, county, municipality and other government agency websites and literature. Helpful resources include the U.S. Census Bureau and Maricopa Association of Governments.

Public and agency scoping and public involvement are another integral part of the NEPA socioeconomic process. Public perception about how a proposed project will affect a community is an important consideration and should be taken into account when planning and designing a project. Gaining an understanding of community concerns can be beneficial to facilitating the design and implementation of potential mitigation measures and can promote local acceptance of a project.

The Arizona Ombudsman – Citizens Aide helps you resolve ongoing issues with State Agencies.

Civil Rights

Pursuant to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and other nondiscrimination laws and authorities, ADOT does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. Persons that require a reasonable accommodation based on language or disability should contact ADOT’s Civil Rights Office at civilrightsoffice@azdot.gov. Requests should be made as early as possible to ensure the State has an opportunity to address the accommodation.

De acuerdo con el Título VI de la Ley de Derechos Civiles de 1964, la Ley de Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (ADA por sus siglas en inglés) y otras normas y leyes antidiscriminatorias, el Departamento de Transporte de Arizona (ADOT) no discrimina por motivos de raza, color, origen nacional, sexo, edad o discapacidad. Las personas que requieran asistencia (dentro de lo razonable) ya sea por el idioma o discapacidad deben ponerse en contacto con la Oficina de Derechos Civiles de ADOT en civilrightsoffice@azdot.gov. Las solicitudes deben hacerse lo más antes posible para asegurar que el Estado tenga la oportunidad de hacer los arreglos necesarios.